Trainee reporter Xia Miaomiao
There is such a village in Wugou Town, Suixi County. Bamboo groves stand in front of the villagers' houses and behind their houses. Neat bamboo fences can be seen everywhere beside the door, roadside and garden. From a distance, the whole village is hidden in a sea of bamboo. This is Baisi village, Wugou Town, Suixi County. There is a history of bamboo planting and weaving for nearly 60 years, and the traditional bamboo weaving technology is still preserved
On October 16, in Lishan Nature village, Baisi village, Wugou Town, under a wall painting of more than 10 meters long, four old people sitting together in leisure time are busy working on the bamboo strip craftsman in their hands. Saw, cut, cut, scrape, twist, tie Under various weaving techniques, bamboo strips can be hard, soft, thick and thin. They can not only support the shape of the appliance like bones, but also weave like needle and thread. The bamboo strips can be interspersed and freely in the hands of four old people.
"There are still six people in Lishan village who are still engaged in bamboo weaving, and they are all elderly people. These old people are four of the six bamboo makers in the village." Bai Si village villager Li Tianxiang said to reporters warmly.
In the modern Chinese dictionary, the explanation of "bamboo" is: thin slices of bamboo. The craftsman who weaves strips into all kinds of daily necessities and production utensils is called the craftsman of bamboo strips. Traditional craftsman is a common profession. And the craftsmanship of the bamboo strip is a meticulous work, which can be refined only after years of training.
In the 1960s, there was no other sideline business in Lishan natural village. In order to reduce the burden of living and subsidize the family, the villagers invited a bamboo craftsman from the south to teach bamboo weaving. At that time, a representative of the village sent a representative to learn from the bamboo craftsman, and after learning, he taught in his own home. Since then, bamboo weaving technology has spread in the village, and villagers in Lishan natural village began to engage in weaving and selling bamboo products. At the same time, every family in the village began to plant bamboo.
"At that time, I worked in the production team during the day, lit kerosene lamps at home at night, stayed up late and made bamboo baskets. After school, the children all follow the adults. The skilled old people make one every day. The young people in the family are responsible for selling them in the market for some firewood, rice, oil and salt. When it's slack or rainy, big guys make it up at home. Seven or eight families from nearby villages have come to our village to learn from them. " Li Tianxiang recalled the scenes of his past life, and his face was filled with a proud smile.
When Yin Yumei was young, she had just married to the village. She saw that every family in the village was weaving bamboo strips. She learned to weave bamboo strips with her husband. Now, she has been weaving bamboo strips for decades and has become the local "old bamboo craftsman". "At that time, a bamboo basket was worth one yuan and eighty cents. When I came down from home to weave a bamboo basket, I could sell it for dozens of yuan. At that time, the wages of workers working in the city were only tens of yuan a month. Although it was troublesome to do bamboo work, it was enough to subsidize the family." Yin Yumei said to the reporter as she broke the bamboo strips with a bamboo knife. One side of the old bamboo craftsman Li Fu road also tied a bamboo basket while talking with reporters.
In the 1980s, the bamboo strip weaving atmosphere in Baisi village was very strong, and every household stored bamboo baskets, bamboo baskets, dustpans, chopsticks cages and other handmade bamboo products. At that time, the supply of bamboo products was in short supply, and merchants from other places often went to the village to buy bamboo products door to door, and the business of bamboo craftsmen in the village was booming. With the increase of villagers' income, their lives have been greatly improved. As a result, the craftsmanship has become a skill for every household to increase their income, and the village has gradually become rich.
Li Xinquan, an old man, began to learn weaving techniques in 1963 and has been engaged in bamboo strip weaving for nearly 60 years. When it comes to the history of bamboo weaving in the village, Li Xinquan's old man is full of eyebrows and treasures. He said: "the work of making bamboo strips is not only a technical work, but also a hard work. Weaving a bamboo product requires more than ten processes, such as cutting, splitting, cutting and weaving. For example, weaving a bamboo basket takes a day. In that month, there were many brothers and sisters in our family. When the business was at its best, we could sell four or five bamboo baskets a day, earning nearly 10 yuan. "
However, in the 1990s, with the arrival of the "tide of working" in rural areas, the young people in the village went out to work one after another. With the popularity of modern durable, light and cheap living and production products such as plastic products, traditional bamboo woven products are gradually replaced. As a result, the bamboo strip business began to go down the road, and the craftsmen in the village gradually put down this ancient craft and began to look for a new way to support their families.
"A bamboo basket is 20 to 30 yuan, and it can be sold for several hundred yuan a month at most. Young people can earn hundreds of yuan a day by working, and they won't be willing to learn how to weave bamboo strips any more. But I still want to let this old craft continue to pass on... " Yin Yumei sighed.
Li Xinliang, 78, has been a bamboo maker for 60 years. He says he doesn't want to leave the craft behind. He said with a smile, "if I don't make it up, people can't buy it if they come back to buy it. It makes people run away.". I never trap people when I weave baskets. If anyone wants to buy them, I will sell them to them as long as they have enough money, so as to serve the people. "
"It would be a pity if this craftsmanship is lost. I still hope that this old handicraft can continue to be inherited..." Li Tianxiang, a villager, shows his reluctance in his eyes and regrets in his speech.
Although plastic, stainless steel and other products have been industrialized, the traditional bamboo strip handicraft reflects the extraordinary wisdom and superb technology of folk craftsmen, records social changes, and condenses folk customs. Bamboo weaving products are not only production and living utensils, but also art works, with high cultural and artistic value. Today, with the continuous enhancement of people's environmental awareness and the continuous improvement of the quality of life requirements, bamboo weaving utensils as pure natural green products, market demand has been restored. This also gives Baisi village, which has a history of nearly 60 years of bamboo strip weaving, a plan to develop bamboo strip industry.
Song Yong, Secretary of the general Party branch of Baisi village, Wugou Town, Suixi County, said that we should continue to inherit the bamboo weaving craft. In the next step, the village will send some personnel to learn new knitting technology, introduce new knitting technology, establish knitting professional cooperatives, and further develop the weaving industry.
Today, the elderly in Baisi village still often gather in the village to weave and make bamboo baskets, which seems to be a unique scenery in the village. It is precisely because of the persistence of these old bamboo makers that the village has the good idea of "bringing forth the new through the old and bringing forth the new" in the traditional weaving technology, and the traditional bamboo weaving, an old craft, has a new hope.